Zizindikiro za heliport

MA HELIPORTS OYAMBIRA PAMALO (TERRESTRIAL).

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Ma heliports apamtunda amaphatikizapo ma heliport onse omwe ali pamtunda kapena pamtunda wamadzi.Ma heliports apamtunda amatha kukhala ndi ma helipad amodzi kapena angapo.Ma heliports apamtunda amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mafakitale osiyanasiyana kuphatikiza azamalonda, ankhondo ndi ogwira ntchito payekha.

ICAO yafotokoza malamulo a ma heliport apamwamba.

Malingaliro owunikira odziwika bwino a ICAO ma heliport apamwamba amakhala ndi:
Njira Yomaliza ndi Kunyamuka (FATO) magetsi.
Magetsi a Touchdown and Lift-off area (TLOF).
Nyali zowongolera njira yolumikizira ndege zikuwonetsa njira yomwe ilipo komanso/kapena njira yonyamukira.
Chizindikiro chowunikira chowonetsa komwe mphepo ikupita ndi liwiro.
Heliport beacon yozindikiritsa heliport ngati ikufunika.
Kuwala kwamadzi mozungulira TLOF ngati kuli kofunikira.
Zowunikira zotchinga zolembera zopinga zomwe zili pafupi ndi njira ndi njira zonyamukira.
Kuyatsa kwa taxi ngati kuli kotheka.

Kuphatikiza apo, ma heliport a ICAO apamtunda ayenera kuphatikiza:
Yandikirani magetsi kuti muwonetse njira yomwe mumakonda.
Kuunikira kowunikira ngati woyendetsa akufunika kuyandikira mfundo inayake pamwamba pa FATO asanapite ku TLOF.

Zizindikiro za heliport

ZOkwezeka NDI ZOKHUDZA

Zizindikiro za heliport2

Ma Heliports Okwezeka ali pamwamba pamtunda ndipo amakhala ndi ma helipad okwera ndi ma helideck.Heliport yokwezeka ili pamalo okwera pamtunda.Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala pamwamba pa nyumba zamalonda, nyumba zogona komanso zipatala.Ma heliports okwera amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ogwira ntchito zadzidzidzi, ochita zamalonda ndi abizinesi.

Helideck ndi heliport yomwe ili pamtunda wokhazikika kapena woyandama wamtunda monga sitima kapena nsanja yamafuta ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi mafuta ndi gasi, komanso mafakitale otumizira.

ICAO ndi FAA afotokoza malamulo a heliports okwera ndi helidecks.

Malingaliro owunikira odziwika bwino a ICAO ndi FAA ma heliport okwera ndi ma helideck amakhala ndi:
Njira Yomaliza ndi Kunyamuka (FATO) magetsi.
Magetsi a Touchdown and Lift-off area (TLOF).
Nyali zowongolera njira yolumikizira ndege zikuwonetsa njira yomwe ilipo komanso/kapena njira yonyamukira.
Chizindikiro chowunikira chowonetsa komwe mphepo ikupita ndi liwiro.
Heliport beacon yozindikiritsa heliport ngati ikufunika.
Kuwala kwamadzi mozungulira TLOF ngati kuli kofunikira.
Zowunikira zotchinga zolembera zopinga zomwe zili pafupi ndi njira ndi njira zonyamukira.

Kuphatikiza apo, ma helikopta a ICAO ayenera kuphatikiza:
Yandikirani magetsi kuti muwonetse njira yomwe mumakonda.
Kuunikira kowunikira ngati woyendetsa akufunika kuyandikira mfundo inayake pamwamba pa FATO asanapite ku TLOF.